Home - Topics - Technologically Enhanced Natural Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)

What is TENORM?

Take Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM), then drastically heighten their concentration and exposure to the accessible environment through manufacturing, mineral extraction, water processing, and more. 

The term "technologically enhanced" refers a radioactive material's radiological, physical, and chemical properties that have been concentrated or further altered through processing, beneficiation, or disturbance, such that the potential for human and/or environmental exposure increases. 

TENORM industries and sources 

Given that TENORM occurs as a result of the anthropogenic concentration of NORM through extraction and other processes, a number of industries are known for generating TENORM, including the following:


Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring 

Radioactive Material (TENORM)